Finding Nemo’s Genes: A chromosome‐scale reference assembly of the genome of the orange clownfish Amphiprion percula

R. Lehmann, D.J. Lightfoot, C. Schunter, C.T. Michell, H. Ohyanagi, K. Mineta, S. Foret, M.L. Berumen, D.J. Miller, M. Aranda, T. Gojobori, P.L. Munday, T. Ravasi
Mol Ecol Resour., (2018)

Finding Nemo’s Genes: A chromosome‐scale reference assembly of the genome of the orange clownfish Amphiprion percula

Keywords

Amphiprion percula, Chromosomescale assembly, Coral reef fish, Fish genomics, Functional genomics, Nemo, Orange clownfish

Abstract

​The iconic orange clownfish, Amphiprion percula, is a model organism for studying the ecology and evolution of reef fishes, including patterns of population connectivity, sex change, social organization, habitat selection and adaptation to climate change. Notably, the orange clownfish is the only reef fish for which a complete larval dispersal kernel has been established and was the first fish species for which it was demonstrated that antipredator responses of reef fishes could be impaired by ocean acidification. Despite its importance, molecular resources for this species remain scarce and until now it lacked a reference genome assembly. Here, we present a de novo chromosome‐scale assembly of the genome of the orange clownfish Amphiprion percula. We utilized single‐molecule real‐time sequencing technology from Pacific Biosciences to produce an initial polished assembly comprised of 1,414 contigs, with a contig N50 length of 1.86 Mb. Using Hi‐C‐based chromatin contact maps, 98% of the genome assembly were placed into 24 chromosomes, resulting in a final assembly of 908.8 Mb in length with contig and scaffold N50s of 3.12 and 38.4 Mb, respectively. This makes it one of the most contiguous and complete fish genome assemblies currently available. The genome was annotated with 26,597 protein‐coding genes and contains 96% of the core set of conserved actinopterygian orthologs. The availability of this reference genome assembly as a community resource will further strengthen the role of the orange clownfish as a model species for research on the ecology and evolution of reef fishes.

Code

DOI: 10.1111/1755-0998.12939

Sources

Website PDF

See all publications 2018