Cloning and analysis of fetal ovary microRNAs in cattle

S.K. Tripurani, C. Xiao, M. Salem, J. Yao
Anim Reprod Sci., 120(1-4): 16-22, (2010)

Cloning and analysis of fetal ovary microRNAs in cattle

Keywords

Cattle-microRNA,  Oocyte,  Folliculogenesis,  Embryogenesis

Abstract

​Ovarian folliculogenesis and early embryogenesis are complex processes, which require tightly regulated expression and interaction of a multitude of genes. Small endogenous RNA molecules, termed microRNAs (miRNAs), are involved in the regulation of gene expression during folliculogenesis and early embryonic development. To identify miRNAs in bovine oocytes/ovaries, a bovine fetal ovary miRNA library was constructed. Sequence analysis of random clones from the library identified 679 miRNA sequences, which represent 58 distinct bovine miRNAs. Of these distinct miRNAs, 42 are known bovine miRNAs present in the miRBase database and the remaining 16 miRNAs include 15 new bovine miRNAs that are homologous to miRNAs identified in other species, and one novel miRNA, which does not match any miRNAs in the database. The precursor sequences for 14 of the new 15 miRNAs as well as the novel miRNA were identified from the bovine genome database and their hairpin structures were predicted. Expression analysis of the 58 miRNAs in fetal ovaries in comparison to somatic tissue pools identified 8 miRNAs predominantly expressed in fetal ovaries. Further analysis of the eight miRNAs in germinal vesicle (GV) stage oocytes identified two miRNAs (bta-mir424 and bta-mir-10b), that are highly abundant in GV oocytes. Both miRNAs show similar expression patterns during oocyte maturation and preimplantation development of bovine embryos, being abundant in GV and MII stage oocytes, as well as in early stage embryos (until 16-cell stage). The amount of the novel miRNA is relatively small in oocytes and early cleavage embryos but greater in blastocysts, suggesting a role of this miRNA in blastocyst cell differentiation.

Code

DOI: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2010.03.001

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